What Causes Dental Implant Failure? Things to Know About Implant Failure

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Dental Implant Failure
Dental Implant Failure

Dental implants are designed to function, feel, and even look like natural teeth. Licensed orthodontic professionals like Family Braces are able to handle these sorts of procedures. Implants are perhaps the best option that provides long-term value as compared to conventional teeth replacement options. But do you know that implants can also fail? Yes, it’s true. In this blog, you will get to know about dental implants, implant failure, and the causes of implant failure.

Before going into the details of dental implant failure. Let’s know about what dental implants are and their advantages.

Dental implant: A high-tech tooth replacement option

Many people face the issue of tooth loss due to reasons like periodontal disease, tooth decay, or injury. Earlier the only options available for these problems were bridges and dentures. However, today dental implants are available that mimic the entire tooth structure. They ensure a strong foundation for fixed or removable replacement teeth. Today, many dentists recommend implants to replace single and even multiple missing teeth. The best thing about implants is that they are made to match your natural teeth. It means that they look, feel, and act like you’re your natural teeth. If you take proper care of your implants, they can last for a long period of time.

Benefits of dental implants

Here are some of the key benefits of implants. Have a look:

  • Better appearance: As mentioned above, implants look and feel more like your own teeth. Thus, you can get a natural teeth appearance.
  • Permanent option: Implants are designed to fuse with bone, thus, they become a permanent teeth replacement option that can last for long. Since these are permanent solutions, they eliminate the discomfort of removable dentures.
  • Improved speech: With dentures, especially poor-fitted ones, you may not be able to speak properly. The teeth may slip within the mouth, causing speech problems. On the other hand, dental implants allow you to speak confidently without worrying about teeth slip problems.
  • Better comfort: Implants function like your natural teeth. Unlike dentures that can make chewing difficult, implants allow you to eat your favorite food without any discomfort or pain. Read Also : aligners
  • Enhanced oral health: Unlike a tooth-supported bridge, implants don’t require reducing other teeth. The nearby teeth are not transformed to support the implant. Thus, other teeth remain intact. This ensures better and long-term oral health. Besides, implants allow easy access between teeth, improving oral hygiene.
  • Long-term solution: If you take proper care of your implants, they can last for several years. They are a durable solution, just require proper care and maintenance.

Due to the assorted benefits over earlier treatment options, dental implant technology has become one of the best modern tooth replacement solutions. Most patients can benefit from this technology and get back their beautiful smiles as well as confidence.

Success rates of dental implants

Though dental implants are a durable solution, their success rates may vary based on where in the jaw the implants are placed. If we talk about the success rate in general, implants can last a lifetime with a success rate of up to 98%.

Why do implants fail?

Though the success rates for dental implants are high, failures that require immediate implant removal do occur. A successful implant is one that can survive for a long time. Implants that cannot meet the claims of the health care provider involved in the installation process are described as implant failure. A number of factors can be responsible for implant failure.

Many experts classify implant failure into two categories:

  • Early failure
  • Late failure

Early implant failure

Early implant failure is the one that occurs before implant Osseointegration. The causes for early implant failure can be:

  • Overheating
  • Infection
  • Trauma during surgery
  • Poor bone quantity and/or quality
  • Lack of primary stability
  • Incorrect immediate load indication

Late implant failure is the one that occurs after implant integration and loading. The reasons for late implant failure can be:

  • Periimplantitis
  • Occlusal trauma
  • Overloading

Late implant failure

Factors affecting dental implants

Some of the common factors that can negatively affect the dental implants include:

Smoking: Smoking is one of the key factors that can negatively affect the success of dental implants. A majority of the previous and present-day literature points out smoking as one of the leading risk factors affecting the success rate of dental implants. Smoking can greatly influence the complication rates of implants in the following ways:

  • It causes considerably more marginal bone loss after implant placement
  • It increases the chances of peri-implantitis
  • It affects the success rates of bone grafts

Also, the failure rate of implants placed in grafted maxillary sinuses of smokers is more than twice that seen in nonsmokers. Therefore, it can be concluded that smokers have higher chances of failure and complications following dental implantation and implant-related surgical procedures.

Poor bone density: Poor bone density can also affect the success of implants. Therefore, practitioners must first determine the quantity of bone with the help of radiographs like cone beam images. With the help of radiographs, dental health care providers can observe the size of bone trabeculations and determine bone density. Though it is not possible to significantly increase bone density, there are a few medications available to improve bone health. Dental healthcare providers must consider treating their patients who have poor bone health using conventional dental treatment before starting the implantation procedure.

Early loading of implants: Though early implant loading seems a convenient and comfortable option, it can significantly have a higher risk of implant failure as compared to conventional loading. Conventionally loaded implants usually demonstrate better performance than early loaded implants. Therefore, if a dental care provider is considering the early loading of implants, they must consider all aspects of the clinical situation. It will help them in determining if the early loading of implants is good for the patient. If not, they must choose a slower and more predictable alternative.

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Conclusion:

No doubt, dental implants are a popular and widely used tooth replacement option. The success rate of implants is also high. However, there are several factors that can lead to implant failure. It is advisable to choose the services of a professional dental agency. Get a consultation from experts to determine whether you are the right candidate for a dental implant or not.